Classical and modern explanations of social inequality

How do we study power in a given society or community? Are women better or worse off than men when it comes to the chances of being arrested and punished?

SOC Sociology of Culture [4] Culture includes the ideas, norms, artifacts and symbols of society and their meanings. The more committed we are to these activities and the more time and energy we have invested in them, the less deviant we will be.

Also included is the use of the internet in research, with a focus on judging the reliability and validity of information found on the internet.

What are the various roles and relations of authority within corporations? As this scenario suggests, being labeled deviant can make it difficult to avoid a continued life of deviance.

Due to the personal ability, extensive training and advanced degrees required for the more specialized positions, people in these professions are rewarded with increased earnings and higher status than those whose positions require less.

In general, it is important to be able to tell how the research was done, whether competing hypotheses were adequately examined, and whether the appropriate variables were controlled. Statistics for Sociology [4] This course will introduce students to the logic and use of statistical techniques in sociological research.

These explanations also blame street crime by the poor on the economic deprivation and inequality in which they live rather than on any moral failings of the poor.

The specific behaviors that are characterized in these ways are historically variable and who gets so labeled is dependent on the characteristics of the person say, their race, class, and gender.

Why does inequality persist? Although we cover both perspectives in the class, our primary focus is on work within the social constructionist tradition. Many scholars dismiss them for painting an overly critical picture of the United States and ignoring the excesses of noncapitalistic nations, while others say the theories overstate the degree of inequality in the legal system.

As this conflicting evidence illustrates, the subculture of violence view remains controversial and merits further scrutiny. Social Inequalities This section of the course explores how rewards and opportunities are differentially distributed to individuals and groups.

What are some processes of urbanization? For a more nuanced and complete understanding of them, you will want to read more about these theories, including how the original ideas have been built upon by those who came later.

In addition, the course will examine the questions of ethics in research and the role of values in sociological analysis. What are some of the ways and places that education occurs besides in schools?

What are some factors which contribute to environmental racism and ecofeminism? Important in this perspective are the elements of sociological practice and possible careers in sociology at all levels of academic preparation.

If boys grow up in a subculture with these values, they are more likely to break the law. A Primer on crime and delinquency theory 3rd ed. Those who are in class positions at the top of the apex of power distribution are the people who, one, hold most of the power in society, and two, make the choices for the direction and reproduction of society.

Introduction to Political Sociology [4] Many of the most pressing issues of our time are addressed via the political system.

So, for example, a sociologist might measure social class or status with the variables annual income and occupational prestige. Students should become familiar with the major sociological approaches --functionalism, conflict theory, symbolic interactionism, exchange theory, and feminist theory -- to the explanation of social life.

What is the difference between education and schooling? This course provides an introduction to sociological theory, examining both classic and contemporary schools of sociological thought. Perhaps your career is dedicated to assisting the poor; well, in that case the poor provide you with employment.

Suppose you had a criminal record and had seen the error of your ways but were rejected by several potential employers. What are schools asked to do in various types of societies? What are any two assumptions of feminist perspectives on deviance and crime? One problem that ex-prisoners face after being released back into society is that potential employers do not want to hire them.

A theory of delinquent gangs. Lower Division Undergraduate Research [] Supervised research. Cohen had nothing to say about girls, as he assumed they cared little about how well they did in school, placing more importance on marriage and family instead, and hence would remain nondelinquent even if they did not do well.

This finding does not prove that ice cream prevents juvenile delinquency. The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles.Sociology focuses on the systematic understanding of social interaction, social organization, social institutions, and social change.

Conflict theories

Major themes in sociological thinking include the interplay between the individual and society, how society is both stable and changing, the causes and consequences of social inequality, and the social.

Social inequality is the existence of unequal opportunities and rewards for different social positions or statuses within a group or society. Two approaches exist to explain why poverty exists. Social psychology: Altruism · Attribution · Attitudes · Conformity · Discrimination · Groups · Interpersonal relations · Obedience · Prejudice · Norms · Perception · Index · Outline There are various types of social inequality, including and/or based on.

Functional Inequality • According to Davis & Moore, “Social inequality is an unconsciously evolved device by which societies insure that the most important positions are conscientiously filled by the most qualified persons.” • “In modern societies, this means paying them more than others.

- Social Inequality in the United States There is a high degree of social inequality within the United States. Of most modern industrial countries, the United Stated has some of the richest and some of the poorest people to be found. Theories of Social Inequality In briefly evaluating the classical and modern explanations of social inequality, it is essential that we step outside the realm of our own lives, class position, and discard any assumptions we might have about the nature of inequality.

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Classical and modern explanations of social inequality
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