One looks for harmony and equilibrium, while the other sees conflict, inequality and domination. Both Functionalism and Marxism are Positivist theories. Functionalists assume that everyone in society is in agreement and shares norms.
Marxism is a conflict perspective whereas functionalism is based on consensus. Similarities between Marxist and Functionalist Perspectives: Perhaps in a way, Marxism is perhaps a little more realistic than functionalism. Functionalism shows us clearly the primacy of culture and socialisation via the social institution.
Functionalism sees this as a positive and inevitable aspect of society. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question.
The Superstructure includes the institutions of society and is shaped by the infrastructure. However, Marxism is based on economic factors whereas functionalism emphasises the importance of socialisation, shared culture and value consensus.
A great deal of the wealth, produced by the workforce is appropriated in the forms of profit by the Capitalists- the ruling class. Marxists believe that norms of society are influenced by economic factors, however, functionalists argue that it is the norms that determine the structure of society.
Role in society was extremely important; it was traditional and genders specific. For example, one system is an economy with a manifest function of organizing work, goods and capital and a latent function of defining the distribution of wealth.
Education serves the needs of the social system by socializing pupils to shared values, norms and beliefs. A key feature of this duality is that a dysfunctional system, such as crime, may also be functional in that it heightens awareness of shared values and shared bonds within society.
The wages of the workers are not equivalent to the wealth they produce and so the ruling class was exploiting and oppressing the working class. Marxism offered a radical alternative to the functionalism perspective and was developed in the s. The parts or institutions of the organism or society function appropriately to ensure the whole structure works efficiently and effectively.
However, functionalism argues that socialisation is the mechanism by which value consensus is formed, allowing social order and stability. Overall comparison The most important thing to note is that both theories are macro-structural perspectives that hold a deterministic view of society.
The employer to employee relationship of exploitation is concealed by ideology. It originally consisted of three related ideas: Compare marxist and functionalist perspectives Compare Marxist and Functionalist Perspectives Compare and Contrast Functionalist and Marxist Perspectives Sociology is a systematic way of studying the social world.
It believes in the power of the institutions to socialise its members so well that deviance is rare.Get an answer for 'Compare and contrast the functionalist perspective with the conflict perspective.' and find homework help for other Social Sciences questions at eNotes.
Apr 23, · Similarities between Marxist and Functionalist Perspectives: Both think schools help legitimize social inequality Both are "macro" theories, so they look at the effect of education in the context of the rest of society, it can determine the rest of society with beliefs, values and skills.
Both see education serving the needs of the workplace Both see education. Carrie-Anne Hall Sociology Essay Compare and contrast the Marxist and functionalist interpretations of education in society.
The role of education is to educate individuals within society and to prepare them for working life in the economy, also to integrate individuals and teach them the norms, values and roles within society. In contrast in school and in wider society, children and adults are judged according to the same universalistic standards (i.e they are judged by the same exams and the same laws).
The New Right View of Education. The Functionalist, Marxist and New Right Views of Education – A Comparison.
21 Responses to The Functionalist Perspective. Comparing the Marxist and Functionalist Views on the Role of Education in Industrial Society Words 6 Pages The functionalists and the Marxists both believe that the education system benefits everyone, but both have different views on society.
Marxism was founded by Karl Marx. Marx saw society as divided into two - A Comparison of Marxist and Functionalist Understanding of the Role of Education in Society Functionalist theories assume the different parts of a society each have their own role to play (their own "function"), and work.Download