Here Sutherland has analyzed "white collar crime" to augment his hypotheses attributing the causes of crime to social phenomena rather than to "received" biological and emotional characteristics within the criminal.
I should like to be featured as a sociologist who was interested in the general theory of society, and attempted to assist in developing this general theory by concentrated study on criminal behavior.
The promise in the pioneering work of Edwin Sutherland on white-collar crime has been fulfilled more in the works of Geis than in the works of any other scholar. American Journal of Sociology, Issue Sutherland on Analyzing Crime, pp. Sutherland served as the 29th President of the American Sociological Society.
In the study of criminal behavior from this E h sutherland white collar crime of view, I have been interested primarily in reaching a general or universal proposition that would at the same time be an explanation of criminal behavior and be consistent with and related to universal propositions which would explain other kinds of behavior.
In this address the argument was made that many business and professional men commit crimes which should be brought within the scope of the theories of criminal behavior. In his monograph White-Collar Crime he defined a white-collar crime "approximately as a crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation.
Sutherland adopted more of an insider position on his subject matter, but the closest he would come to real-life crime would be an encounter with an occasional wayward student or the library, not from personal experience.
The thesis of this article can be stated simply: He soon changed his area of study to sociology and political economy and then earned his PhD in Geis on his 75th birthday. Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page.
Odum provided the following biographical sketch of Edwin H. From this he decided to select sociology as a minor while keeping history as a major.
The significance of such conceptual clarification, states Merton, "is that it provides for a reconstruction of data by indicating more precisely just what they include and what they exclude.
In Sutherland went to the University of Chicago, initially taking courses at the Divinity School. While Sutherland staked the initial claim, Geis exploited it to the point where it became a major area of study and public policy.
Pioneers past and present. In Sutherland authored one of the first American textbooks in criminology. For six years he taught at William Jewell College, and in he joined the faculty at the University of Illinois.
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page. Population at the time was about 6, The criminology of Edwin Sutherland. In his book, American Sociology: Depending on which definition is used, white-collar offenders may include governments, businesses, chief executive officers, professionals, welfare cheats, and individuals who illegally download software or purposefully underreport income on their taxes.
Over the course of the next several years Sutherland had positions at the University of Minnesota, the University of Chicago, the Bureau of Social Hygiene in New York City, and Indiana University, where he taught from until his death on 11 October Mutchnick, et al.
Evidence concerning the prevalence of such white collar crime was secured in an analysis of the decisions by courts and commissions against the seventy largest industrial and mercantile corporations in the United States under four types of laws, namely: Sutherland is best known as the author of the Theory of Differential Association.
Sutherland was no hick, but he was the product of a relatively sheltered existence. Who is the criminal? Sutherland called on the field to recognize that crime was not exclusively a lower-class phenomenon but was prospering among the middle and upper classes as well.
It spawned a number of theoretical modifications, and its core concepts have been incorporated in many theoretical integrations and elaborations. While he pioneered the subject matter, his legacy is marked by a lack of consensus by scholars both about the meaning of the term white-collar crime and the general approach that best generates the kind of theoretical and empirical understanding criminologists require.
These crime "data" have led to a series of hypotheses that view poverty, slum conditions, feeblemindedness, and other characteristics held to be highly associated with low-class status as the "causes" of criminal behavior.By Edwin H. Sutherland, ix–xxxiii. New Haven, CT: Yale Univ.
Press. E-mail Citation» The introduction to the reissue of White Collar Crime provides a brief biography of Sutherland and includes some of the aspects of his life that influenced his work. Originally published in Mutchnick, Robert J., Randy Martin, and W.
Timothy Austin. publications. stay informed white collar crime: author(s): e h sutherland: date published: page count: annotation: white collar crime should be taken into consideration in the formulation and development of theories of crime and criminality.
a wealth of. What are some of the principal elements of E.H. Sutherlands contribution to the study of white collar crime?
What are some of the limitations?. a term formally introduced by Edwin H.
Sutherland in in reference to "crime in the upper or white-collar class" involving "violation of delegated or implied trust"; the term has since been applied broadly, and no general consensus has been reached as to definition. Article excerpted from book comparing Edwin Sutherland and Gilbert Geis and their contributions to the study of white-collar crime.
Page 6 of 12 Encyclopedia of Criminological Theory: Sutherland, Edwin H.: White-Collar Crime The populist fervor that permeated the Midwest during Sutherland's youth undoubtedly.Download