Epithelial tissue structure

For this reason, epithelia is described as exhibiting apical basal polarity.

Epithelial Tissue

Columnar Columnar epithelial cells are elongated and column-shaped and have a height of at least four times their width. For instance, in epithelia that absorb or secrete substances, the microvilli are extremely dense giving the cells a fuz zy appearance called a brush border.

In general, epithelial tissues are classified by the number of their layers and by the shape and function of the cells. A specialised form of epithelium — endothelium forms the inner lining of blood vessels and the heartand is known as Epithelial tissue structure endothelium, and lining lymphatic vessels as lymphatic endothelium.

Two forms occur in the human body: Based on the number of cell layers, epithelia can either be simple or stratified. Their nuclei are elongated and are usually located near the base of the cells. They are made up of the integrin a transmembrane protein instead of cadherin.

Ciliated pseudostratified epithelial cells have cilia.


The cells here may possess microvilli for maximising the surface area for absorption and these microvilli may form a brush border. Type Squamous Squamous cells have the appearance of thin, flat plates that can look polygonal when viewed from above. Cells in the basal layer are cuboidal or columnar.

Other cells Epithelial tissue structure be ciliated to move mucus in the function of mucociliary clearance. Next to the basal surface is the basal lamina thin supporting sheet.

Stratified epithelium[ edit ] Stratified epithelium differs from simple epithelium in that it is multilayered. Tight junctions form the closest contact between cells and help keep proteins in the apical region of the plasma membrane.

Cells by the apical surface vary in appearance depending if the organ is stretched at the time. All epithelial cells have six sides but they vary in height.

Polarity— all epithelia have an apical surface and a lower attached basal surface that differ in structure and function. June 1, 0 Comments Epithelial Tissue Epithelial tissue is a sheet of cells that covers a body surface or lines a body cavity.

Squamous cells— are flat and scale-like. Other surfaces that separate body cavities from the outside environment are lined by simple squamous, columnar, or pseudostratified epithelial cells. Small amounts are found in the pharynx, male urethra, and lining of some glandular ducts.

Another type, mesotheliumforms the walls of the pericardiumpleuraeand peritoneum. Cuboidal Cuboidal epithelial cells have a cube-like shape and appear square in cross-section.Epithelial tissue, or epithelium, has the following general characteristics: Epithelium consists of closely packed, flattened cells that make up the inside or outside lining of body areas.

There is little intercellular material. The cells in epithelial tissue are very closely packed together and joined with little space between them. With its tightly packed structure, we would expect epithelial tissue to serve some type of barrier and protective function and that is certainly the case.

Jun 20,  · The essential difference between connective tissue and epithelial is the way cells relate to each other. In epithelial tissue, the cells are bound together through special proteins, hemidesmosomes and desmosomes, which bind the membrane of cells almost like staples, fusing the individual epithelial cells together.

Epithelial Tissue. Epithelial tissue is a sheet of cells that covers a body surface or lines a body cavity. Two forms occur in the human body: Epithelial tissues have five main characteristics.

Polarity– all epithelia have an apical surface and a lower attached basal surface that differ in structure and function. A single cell layer of epithelial tissue is called simple epithelial tissue, while stratified epithelial tissue is an epithelial tissue that is more than one cell layer thick.

Epithelial tissue is composed of cells laid together in sheets with the cells tightly connected to one another. Epithelial layers are avascular, but innervated. Epithelial cells have two surfaces that differ in both structure and function.

Epithelial tissue structure
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