By the phrase "the subject of feminism" I mean a conception or an understanding of the female subject as not only distinct from Woman with the capital letter, the representation of an essence inherent in all women which has been seen as Nature, Mother, Mystery, Evil Incarnate, Object of [Masculine] Desire and Knowledge, Proper Womanhood, Femininity, et 10 ceterabut also distinct.
Considerations on Representation and Gender 3. Reading the Post Modern Text 5.
Or that while we thought that we were marking the F on the form, in fact the F was marking itself on us? The neuter gender in English, a language that relies on natural gender we note, in passing, that "nature" is ever-present in our culture, from the very beginning, which is, precisely, languageis assigned to words referring to sexless or asexual entities, objects or individuals marked by the absence of sex.
Feminism and motion pictures. Within that "doubled" perspective, therefore, It is possible to see quite clearly the working of the ideology of gender: For the moment, going back to proposition 2, which was revised as "The construction of gender is both the product and the process of its representation," I can rewrite it: The inclusion of one essay written several years earlier than the others is motivated by its compatibility with that critical frame of reference, as well as by its direct relevance to the topic of the volume.
But to deny gender, first of all, is to deny the social relations of gender that constitute and validate the sexual oppression of women; and second, to deny gender is to remain "in ideology," an ideology which not coincidentally if, of course, not intentionally is manifestly self-serving to the male-gendered subject.
Or need they not become dominant in order for social relations to change? Calvino and the Amazons: I have trespassed again, for I have not yet worked through the third proposition, which stated that the construction of gender through its representation goes on today as much as or more than in any other times.
Thus, the proposition that the representation of gender is its construction, each term being at once the product and the process of the other, can be restated more accurately: This conceptual structure is what feminist social scientists have designated "the sex-gender system.
Furthermore, that is so regardless of whether particular individuals see themselves primarily defined and oppressed by gender, as white cultural feminists do, or primarily defined and oppressed by race and class relations, as women of color dO.
This bind, this mutual containment of gender and sexual difference sneeds to be unraveled and deconstructed. Moreover, because of its somewhat heterogeneous or liminal character in this collection, the fifth essay serves well as a divider between the previous four, which engage theory and fiction, and the last three, which deal primarily with film.
I, nevertheless, will claim that possibility and postpone discussing it until sections 3 and 4 of this essay. The notion of gender as sexual difference has grounded and sustained feminist interventions in the arena of formal and abstract knowledge, in the epistemologies and cognitive fields defined by the social and physical sciences as well as the human sciences or humanities.
The volume is a collection of distinct, if related, essays. For gender, like the real, is not only the effect of representation but also its excess, what remains outside discourse as a potential trauma which can rupture or destabilize, if not contained: What seems problematic about the volume, however, is why these essays needed to be republished in the first place and on what grounds do they constitute an anthology?
The problem is compounded by the fact that the investments studied by Hollway are secured and bonded by a heterosexual contract; that is to say, her object of study is the very site in which the social relations of gender and thus gender ideology are re-produced in everyday life.
Like RobinsonNina Auerbach emphasizes the differences among women in her essay "Engorging the Patriarchy. If 1 substitute gender for ideology, the statement still works, but with a slight shift of the terms: It is this commonsense approach which provides the basis for humanist claims of natural social power relations, natural biologically based gender divisions, transhistorical social formations, language as mimetic of experience, and the reaUst literature representative of social reaUty.
The second meaning of gender given in the dictionary is "classification of sex; sex. Those techniques involved the elaboration of discourses classification, measurements, evaluation, etc. But I have already anticipated what I shall discuss further on.
View freely available titles: The "doubled" perspective of contemporary feminist analysis, Kelly continues, is one in which we can see the two orders, the sexual and the economic, operate together: It would hardly occur to us to mark M.Shelves: non-fiction, read-for-school Groundbreaking and clear in some places, dense and opaque in others.
The first and final essays have been hugely influential in Gender Studies, denaturalising and questioning the subjects of feminism and breaking up the wholeness of Woman for good/5.
Feminist Practice and Poststructuralist Theory, and: Sea Changes: Essays on Culture and Feminism, and: Technologies of Gender: Essays on Theory, Film, and Fiction.
Technologies of Gender: Essays on Theory, Film, and Fiction (Theories of Representation and Difference) Paperback – November 22. 1 the technology of gender (pp. ) In the feminist writings and cultural practices of the s and s, the notion of gender as sexual difference was central to the critique of representation, the rereading of cultural images and narratives, the questioning of theories of subjectivity and textuality, of reading, writing, and spectatorship.
"Technologies of Gender builds a bridge between the fashionable orthodoxies of academic theory (Lacan, Foucault, Derrida, et al.) and the frequently-marginalized contributions of feminist theory. In sum, de Lauretis has written a book that should be required reading for every feminist in need of theoretical ammunition—and for every.
It examines the construction of gender both as representation and as self-representation in relation to several kinds of texts and argues that feminism is producing a radical rewriting, as well as a rereading, of the dominant forms of Western culture.Download