Myths of origin[ edit ] Political religions often rely on a myth of origin that may have some historical basis but is usually idealized and sacralized. They were not selling God and Christ; they were using Christ and God to establish their own rule.
You can never say of a version of totalitarianism that it has reached its goal, because you have a new generation to transform.
In order to unify these people, the myth of Rome was The concept of fascism as political religion to be very powerful. So you can say that fascism and Soviet communism used the totalitarian method; Hitler used the totalitarian method.
Mussolini sought to re-radicalize Italian Fascism, declaring that the Fascist state had been overthrown because Italian Fascism had been subverted by Italian conservatives and the bourgeoisie.
And the Christian monarchs in Europe were always consecrated by institutional religion. In the period after the French and American revolutions, you have the secular entity of the nation. Loyalty oaths or membership in a dominant or sole political party may be required for employment, government services, or simply as routine.
A degree of utopianism. If there is any dictatorship in the future, perhaps it will be totally new. They were very realistic in seeing the church as an important institution, which was not easy to fight; a power to be confronted, but nevertheless a power that should be an ally in the struggle to monopolize power.
What kind of regeneration? EG This form of political religion, both in Western and Eastern countries, is based on respecting Catholicism or traditional Christianity, as Mussolini and Hitler did.
Introduction Roger Griffin 2. The control of education, in order to ensure the security, continuation and the veneration of the existing system. It is ridiculous to say that Mussolini, Stalin and Hitler were going to have the same political system and the same goals.
And then you can also see such symbolism in U. Afterthoughts Martin Blinkhorn About the Series Totalitarianism Movements and Political Religions This innovative book series will scrutinise all attempts to totally refashion mankind and society, whether these hailed from the Left or the Right, which, unusually, will receive equal consideration.
We would be almost unaware of it. The idea was that there is always the tendency, even in regenerated people, to become bourgeois or to become lazy or idle or counterrevolutionary.
It is impossible to imagine totalitarianism as a static phenomenon, because the process of regeneration is a long one. And so in his new Berlin the great Palace of Congress was to be like the Pantheon.
DH The idea that humanity could succumb to another false messiah of the proportion of Mussolini or Hitler or Stalin is very troubling. All the American founding fathers were fascinated by the myth of Rome—the republic, of course, not the empire.
Regeneration is a key concept in any type of religion and most post-Christian-age religions. It is a politicization of a religion—the use of religion to sanctify monarchs in terms of the traditional gods, or the God of the Bible. Nevertheless, he was fascinated by the idea that his movement was becoming a European movement.
Political parties in Europe, in the Western countries, are no longer able to build up a single-party regime. But when politics and religion join forces, there is always a danger to human dignity and human freedom.
This idea is nonsense. Even considering Stalin and Mao, the common ground, the grammar of political religion, looks like a Bible archetype: In the creation of fascism, he stressed that it was not a theoretical movement or simply a political movement.
All traditionally fall into the far-right sector of any political spectrumcatalyzed by afflicted class identities over conventional social inequities.
Not all of these aspects are present in any one political religion; this is only a list of some common aspects. When he went into the Pantheon, its huge dome intrigued him. He went into the Colosseum and the Pantheon with a German-Italian archaeologist. Displays of leaders in the form of posters or statues may be mandated in public areas and even private homes.
Should we say that she is Fascist? EG As a historian, I am a prophet of the past, not the future. Fascist insult The term "fascist" has been used as a pejorative regarding varying movements across the far right of the political spectrum.
Neoclassical architecture is an example of the strong presence of the myth of Rome in the modern democratic revolution. This book will be of great interest to all students and scholars of international relations, politics and contemporary history.Emilio Gentile, an internationally renowned authority on fascism and totalitarianism, argues that politics over the past two centuries has often taken on the features of religion, claiming as its own the prerogative of defining the fundamental purpose and meaning of human life.
Secular political. Fascism as Political Religion In modern society, secularization has not produced a definitive separation between the spheres of religion and politics. A secular religion is a communal belief system that often rejects or neglects the metaphysical aspects of the supernatural, commonly associated with traditional religion, instead placing typical religious qualities in earthly entities.
Among systems that have been characterized as secular religions are capitalism, communism, anarchism. Fascism, for instance, used from the s on the expressions “fascist religion,” “political and civilian religion,” and “Italy’s religion.”35 The Nazi leaders also referred to themselves in religious terms, even appealing to Christianity, a “positive Christianity,” in the s.
The concept of political religion has remained controversial within the literature on totalitarianism.
Some scholars, such as Ian Kershaw. Similarly, one might challenge the idea of fascism's political religion as a process toward secularization and see it as a direct competition, offering a replacement religion with its own new (albeit secular) rituals and symbols.Download